Imagine - Rest in Peace John Lennon
October 9th, 1940 - December 8th, 1980
On this day in 1941, the naval base of Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii is attacked by the Axis nation of Japan. 360 Japanese planes bomb Pearl Harbor in a surprise attack, resulting in the loss of 2,400 Americans, 5 battleships and 200 aircraft. Japan loses fewer than 100 men. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt speaks to Congress the next day requesting a Declaration of War against Japan.
"December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan."
Lady with A Muff - Gustav Klimt (1916)
On this day, 50 years ago in 1963, in Dallas, Texas, the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy is assassinated by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald. Oswald shoots from the 6th floor window of the Texas Schoolbook Depository Building where he works. Texas Governor John Connally, and his wife, Idanell Connally are riding in the open top Lincoln Convertible with John and Jaqueline Kennedy. The Kennedys and Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson are scheduled to attend a welcome dinner/fundraiser that evening at the Municipal Auditorium (now the Long Center) in Austin, Texas. Oswald is shot two days later, in front of reporters capturing live news coverage, at the Dallas Police Headquarters by Jack Ruby, a Dallas night club owner with minor connections to organized crime. Kennedy is the fourth United States President to have been assassinated.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
- Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg Address
November 19, 1863
Moonrise - Wassily Kandinsky, 1903
On this day in 1980, former Beatle John Lennon is shot and killed outside his Manhattan apartment by crazed fan, Mark David Chapman. Lennon is 40 years old and leaves behind wife Yoko Ono and sons Julian and Sean Lennon. The shooter is holding a copy of J. D. Salinger’s Catcher In The Rye at the time of the murder. Earlier the same day Chapman has a copy of Lennon’s album, Double Fantasy autographed by the musical icon. Fans gather outside the apartment building, the Dakota, to hold a vigil.
Rest in Peace Nelson Mandela
July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013
95 Years Old
On this day in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of a military cemetary in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Just four months earlier, over three days, 45,000 died in the Battle of Gettysburg. Lincoln’s address lasts only 3 minutes, but eloquently commemorates the staggering loss of life, and a democratic vision of freedom and equality for the nation.